A number of procedures must be followed for the preparation of an Environmental Statement (ES) for developments listed under Category I of Schedule IA:
a) describing the development (including all ancillary facilities and alternatives considered);
b) describing the extent of the existing environment likely to be affected by the proposed development;
c) identifying and assessing the effects of the proposed development on the existing environment;
d) designing mitigation measures;
e) formulating monitoring and auditing requirements; and
f) preparing a non-technical summary of the ES.
Description of proposed development: The consultants must also provide a description of the proposed development including:
• a justification of the proposal;
• a description of the physical characteristics; and
• a description of the financial feasibility of the project, alternative sites considered and alternative technologies that could be employed during construction and operation.
Description of existing environment: The environmental conditions in and around the site are to cover:
1. the physical features of the site, in terms of:
o flora, fauna and ecosystems;
o soil, agricultural quality and produce;
o geology and geomorphology;
o water and hydrology;
o air and climate;
o cultural heritage and protected sites and areas;
o landscape and topography;
o land use; and
o other relevant environmental factors.
2. Policy framework, planning policy framework analysis, including policies in the Development Planning Act, development plans and other planning policies, relating to:
o the site of the proposed development; and
o the area surrounding the proposed development
This section should consider any treaty for which Malta is signatory and policies adopted by any Government department or agency in relation to the development. Scheduling or other designations to site and its surroundings and any other laws of relevance to the development are to be considered.
Assessment of effects of the Development: All significant impacts of the proposed development during and after construction are to be predicted, considered and assessed in the EPS. The impacts of the development on the following are assessed:
a) buildings and man-made features (including infrastructure);
b) flora, fauna, ecology and geology, geomorphology and palaeontology;
e) air and climate;
f) indirect and secondary effected associated with the development;
g) human beings (including health and safety measures);
h) hazard and risk assessment of the development; and
i) any transboundary impacts.
"Do Nothing" / Zero Option: The "do nothing" option should also be considered as one of the alternatives to the project. It refers to environmental conditions of the site if it were left in its natural state and the proposed development project were not to proceed.
Mitigation Measures: Consultants are to propose mitigation measures for any adverse environmental impacts identified in the ES. Their proposal is to include an evaluation of the effectiveness of the mitigation measures proposed and an indication of the residual impact resulting at the end.
Monitoring Requirements: The consultants are also requested to:
a) devise a framework to monitor the impacts of the development during construction and operation; and,
b) identify the type of information the applicant has to retain for monitoring environmental impacts caused by the development.