Directive 2001/81/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants is part of the follow-up to the Commission's communication on a strategy to combat acidification which sought to establish, for the first time, national emission ceilings for four pollutants - sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxide (NOX), volatile organic compounds (VOC) and ammonia (NH3) - causing acidification, eutrophication and tropospheric ozone formation.
This Directive provides for introduction, by the end of 2010 at the latest, of national emission ceilings for SO2, NOX, VOC and NH3. These ceilings are laid down in Annex I to the Directive. Malta’s emission ceilings are as follows:
NOX / kilotonnes
SO2 / kilotonnes
NH3 / kilotonnes
VOC / kilotonnes
Member States are required to draw up programmes for the progressive reduction of their annual national emissions. The programmes must be updated and revised as necessary in 2006. They must be made available to the public and to appropriate organisations and submitted to the Commission. Malta’s plans and programmes have been drawn up in December 2006.
Moreover, Member States must prepare and annually update national emission inventories and emission projections for these four pollutants.