Environmental Impact Assessment is a formal procedure for ensuring that environmental, social and economic factors are taken into account before a decision on a project development application is taken.
The EIA Directive (EU legislation) was introduced in 1985 and was amended in 1997. It outlines which project categories shall be made subject to an EIA, which procedure shall be followed and the content of the assessment. The EIA Directive is transposed into national legislation via Legal Notice 114 of 2007: Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2007 Arrangement of Regulations.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process through which it is possible to predict, analyse and interpret significant environmental impacts of a proposed development. It is a tool to achieve environmentally sound and sustainable development proposals and activities.
The ultimate objective of an EIA is to provide decision-makers with an indication of the likely consequences of their actions.
EIA is a process through which it is possible to minimize or prevent adverse environmental effects and maximise the benefits of a development proposal. An EIA:
• Helps understand the consequences of new projects or activities on the human and natural environment;
• Ensures effective resource use;
• May modify and improve the design of a development proposal;
• Identifies alternatives to the development proposal;
• Proposes measures for impact monitoring and management;
• Provides information and options that facilitate decision-making; and
• Includes mandatory public consultation stages.
THE EIA PROCESS
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS