Energy Sector is Malta's largest contributor to National Emissions in Greenhouse Gases
In 2007, the energy sector was the largest contributor to National Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions with a share of 88.7 % of gross national emissions, followed by the waste sector that contributed 6.6% to overall emissions. These indicators derive from two reports that the Malta Environment and Planning Authority (MEPA), as the Competent Authority, recently submitted to the European Commission under the EU Decision No. 280/2004/EC.
The reports, the Biennial Report on Climate Change policies and measures (PAMs) and the Annual National Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Emissions Inventory give an assessment on the monitored emissions from greenhouse gases and recommend policies for the reduction of such emissions. While the PAM report covers information on national policies and measures considered as most effective in reducing GHG emissions in the various sectors, the Annual National GHG Inventory identifies trends of past and present emissions that provide useful information to drive the development of mitigation measures to combat climate change.
The reports also indicate that from 1990 to 2007, the GHG emissions in Malta have increased by 49 % with Carbon Dioxide (CO2) being the most significant contributor to this increase. Figures indicate that on average, per capita emissions have risen from around 5.5 tonnes per head in 1990 to 7.3 tonnes per head in 2007. These trends reflect the socio-economic changes that have taken place over these past two decades, resulting in an increased demand for energy, with more waste generated and road transport. Despite this national trend, one still has to keep in mind that Malta contributes only around 0.1 % to the overall EU-27 GHG emissions.
The PAM report, which presents the state of play as at the end of 2008 and assesses projected progress by EU Member States on GHG emissions limitation and reduction until the year 2020, was prepared by MEPA in collaboration with various entities involved in developing and implementing policies and measures affecting emissions of direct GHG. Coordination of the report was facilitated by the Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs through the setting up of a technical working group including representatives from the relevant Ministries, Authorities and state-owned entities. The Annual National Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Emissions Inventory which covers the period between 1990 and 2007 was compiled primarily from data provided by National Statistics Office (NSO), government entities and private establishments.