In 2001 the 21 Mediterranean rim countries and the European Community decided to prepare a Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development, and agreed that it should be developed by the Mediterranean Commission Strategy for Sustainable Development of the Mediterranean Action Plan. The strategy was adopted in November 2005 and ncludes the following seven priority fields of action:
o better management of water resources and demand;
o improved rational use of energy, increased renewable energy use and mitigation of and adaptation to climate change;
o sustainable mobility through appropriate transport management;
o sustainable tourism as a leading economic sector;
o sustainable agriculture and rural development;
o sustainable urban development; and,
o sustainable management of the sea, coastal areas and marine resources.
The challenge for all Mediterranean countries is to utilise this Strategy as an opportunity for coordinated and joint progress in the areas of human and economic development, environmental protection and cultural advancement.