Beyond the protection of important natural areas through legal instruments, the active management of protected areas is of utmost importance for the efficient protection of habitats and species.
Management of certain areas is afforded through specific legislation that restricts access to them. These specifically include three islets to which access is prohibited or restricted. Most often, then, management of protected areas is carried out through the implementation of a management plan drawn up specifically for a particular area. In most cases, an agreement is signed between MEPA (as the competent authority), other Government agencies/departments, non-governmental organisations and/or occupiers of land.
The Ecosystems Management Unit within MEPA is involved in the management of various protected areas, such as L-Għadira, Is-Simar, Pembroke and Kemmuna. MEPA provides a consultative role in the management of certain protected areas.
Principal interventions within protected areas include the curtailing of illegal activities and the regulation of beach facility operators. MEPA is also involved in the undertaking of a number of management interventions, such as the eradication of rodents and the control of domestic ducks from selected areas.
The following map indicates areas that are undergoing some form of administrative, statutory or contractual management.